More than 5 million people in the United States are living with functional paralysis due to various causes including spinal cord injuries.1 It is estimated that over 1.2 million Americans are suffering from paralysis as the result of a spinal cord injury. In addition to paralysis, spinal cord injury survivors often suffer from many other medical complications, including chronic pain, depression, pressure sores, circulatory problems, respiratory problems, pneumonia, autonomic dysfunction, muscle spasticity, bladder and bowel dysfunction, and sexual dysfunction.2
There is currently no cure for spinal cord injuries. The current standard of care includes pharmacological, surgical, and rehabilitative treatments. Pharmacological treatments are targeted at alleviating symptoms and minimizing comorbidities. Depending on the injury, surgical options may be considered, and most patients are treated with a rehabilitation program to combine physical therapy and mental support.